June 22, 2018

This 8-K From Valeant Is Something to Behold

This morning, troubled drug company Valeant announced a restatement and that its CEO Michael Pearson would be stepping down.

This all started, you may remember, last fall when reports from the Southern Investigative Reporting Foundation and Citron Research published reports questioning Valeant's relationships with pharmacies, accounting, etc. etc. and it culminates with this.

Oh, who am I kidding, I'm sure this could get worse.

Anyway, adding to the drama of today's announcement is the news that Howard Schiller, the company's former CFO and interim CEO while Pearson was on medical leave, refused to step down as a director at the company after being accused of "improper conduct." This 8-K, an amazing feat in impregnable corporate argot, explains:

As previously disclosed, on December 15, 2014, a subsidiary of Valeant entered into a purchase option agreement with Philidor in which Valeant received an exclusive option to acquire 100% of the equity interest in Philidor, and as of which time Philidor was consolidated with the Company for accounting purposes as a variable interest entity for which the Company was the primary beneficiary. Prior to consolidation, revenue on sales to Philidor was recognized by the Company on a sell-in basis (i.e., recorded when the Company delivered product to Philidor). In connection with the work of the Ad Hoc Committee, the Company has determined that certain sales transactions for deliveries to Philidor in 2014 leading up to the option agreement were not executed in the normal course of business and included actions taken by the Company in contemplation of the option agreement. As a result of these actions, revenue for certain transactions should have been recognized on a sell-through basis (i.e., record revenue when Philidor dispensed the products to patients) prior to entry into the option agreement rather than incorrectly recognized on the sell-in basis utilized by the Company. Additionally, related to these and certain earlier transactions, the Company also has concluded that collectability was not reasonably assured at the time the revenue was originally recognized, and thus these transactions should have been recognized on a sell-through basis instead of a sell-in basis. Following the consolidation of Philidor at the option agreement date, the Company began recognizing revenue as Philidor dispensed product to patients.

Schiller and the company's former corporate controller's "improper conduct," "resulted in the provision of incorrect information to the Committee and the Company’s auditors [and] contributed to the misstatement of results."

But this sentence is my favorite:

The revenue that is being eliminated from 2014 does not result in an increase to revenue in 2015 as a result of the Company having previously also recognized that revenue in 2015.

Whoops! Don't you hate it when that happens? It's quite a declaration on the state of revenue recognition when something like this is even possible. But Valeant attempts to explain it:

Under the sell-in method previously utilized by the Company prior to the consolidation of Philidor in December 2014, revenue was recognized upon delivery of the products to Philidor. At the date of consolidation, certain of that previously sold inventory was still held by Philidor. Subsequent to the consolidation, Philidor recognized revenue on that inventory when it dispensed products to patients, and that revenue was consolidated into the Company’s results. As long as those pre-consolidation sales transactions were in the normal course of business and not entered into in contemplation of the option agreement, the Company’s historical accounting for this revenue was in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and consistent with its independent auditors’ published guidance on this topic.

If anyone at PwC would be so kind to share that published guidance, that'd be great. Let's continue, I'm highlighting the fun part this time:

Now that the Company has determined that certain sales transactions for deliveries to Philidor, leading up to the option agreement, were not executed in the normal course of business and included actions taken by the Company in contemplation of the option agreement, the revenue recorded in 2014, prior to the option agreement, is now being reversed. However, because that revenue was also recorded by Philidor subsequent to consolidation, upon dispensing of products to patients, the elimination of the revenue in 2014, prior to consolidation, does not result in additional revenue being recorded in 2015. However, the profit that was recognized in 2014 will now be recognized in 2015 as a reduction to previously recorded Cost of Goods Sold (“CGS”) for that revenue (adjusting CGS from Philidor’s acquisition cost to Valeant’s actual cost).

At this point, a Peanuts character chimes in with, "Good grief." Also buried in this treasure are the obvious and expected admissions that material weaknesses abound in the company's internal controls and "tone at the top of the organization and the performance-based environment" contributed to this mess. Go check it out the whole thing for yourself. All around, it's a fine read.

[Bloomberg, 8-K]

Image: iStock/feedough

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In Non-iPad Apple News, A Look at Earnings Under New Accounting Rules

Editor’s note: This story is republished from CFOZone, where you’ll find news, analysis and professional networking tools for corporate finance executives.

Yes, yes. There’s plenty of iPad talk going on out there but we’ll resist the urge and focus on the numbers here.

Ron Fink wrote back in September about concerns over new accounting rules for revenue recognition doing little more than providing more areas of confusion for investors.

Under the new rules, companies can book revenue based on estimated sales prices for all the components of “bundled deliverables” all at once instead of on their current fair value. The expectation is that the rule will boost upfront earnings for tech companies whose products combine hardware and software.

Well, on Monday night, Apple made its first quarterly earnings report under the new rules and they certainly gave the tech darling a boost, but it’s unclear whether it will ultimately confuse investors. Indeed, they were likely distracted by Apple raking in $3.4 billion in net income for the quarter ended Dec. 26, up 50 percent from a year earlier.

Apple went to great lengths to explain the effect of the rules on its financial statements. The company revised its financial statements for each quarter from fiscal 2007 through fiscal 2009, the period it’s been selling both the iPhone and Apple TV, which it had previously used subscription accounting for because it periodically provides free software upgrades and features for them.


Under subscription accounting, revenue and associated product cost of sales for iPhone and Apple TV were deferred at the time of sale and recognized on a straight-line basis over each product’s estimated economic life of 24 months. This resulted in the deferral of significant amounts of revenue and cost of sales related to iPhone and Apple TV. The changes had the effect of slimming the company’s balance sheet considerably. Assets at the end of its fiscal year 2009 were reduced by $6.4 billion and liabilities were cut by $10.2 billion, giving a $3.8 billion boost to shareholders’ equity.

And in reconciling its first quarter 2009 to the new accounting standard, Apple showed net sales got a nearly 17 percent boost, while its cost of sales went up just 11 percent. That had the effect of stretching gross margins from 34.7 percent to 37.9 percent.

Apple, which wasn’t required to adopt the new rule until the first quarter of its fiscal 2011, certainly is not objecting to the change. In its earnings conference call Monday, CFO Peter Oppenheimer said, “We are very pleased by the FASB ratification of the new accounting principles as we believe they will better enable us to reflect the underlying economics and performance of our business and therefore we will no longer be providing non-GAAP financial measures.”