As we trudge toward a Senate vote on he financial reform bill, one issue that is of utmost interest to those in the accounting/audit biz is that of small businesses complying with Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley.
As it stands, only a small number of non-accelerated filers are voluntarily in compliance with 404. Those not jumping at the voluntarily complying with 404 have enjoyed the repeated delays by the SEC since the legislation was passed in 2002.
But if reform bill passes in its current form, all companies with market caps of less than $75 million will be exempt from complying with the requirement to have an audit of their internal control system. And even those companies that went to the trouble of voluntary compliance, might not continue doing so:
Dan Crow is one of the few small-company CFOs with an auditor's stamp on his internal controls. Getting it wasn't as time-consuming or as costly as it would have been several years ago, when large public companies first began complying with one of the most onerous requirements of the 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act, known as Section 404.
Still, Crow, who oversees finance for retailer Hastings Entertainment, doesn't rule out dropping the extra review next year if Congress decides to permanently exempt small public companies from needing an auditor's sign-off on their internal controls — as it seems poised to do. The Senate is expected to vote this week on the final version of the financial regulatory reform bill, which would exempt companies with market caps less than $75 million from complying with Section 404(b), the rule in question. (The House has already passed the bill.)
But that's not all! Because 404(b) is clearly "red tape" (a popular rallying cry in an election year) that provides no benefits whatsoever and just crushes the spirit of small business (the backbone of America, we might add!) Congress has called for a study of "how the 'burden' of 404(b) compliance for companies with market capitalization between $75 million and $250 million could be reduced, and whether an exemption for them could increase the number of initial public offerings in the United States," in the bill.
Christ, where does it end? Let's just study the whole damn thing over while we're at it. Apparently the entire Congressional body has completely ignored the benefits of Sarbanes-Oxley; never mind that costs of gone down significantly in the past eight years, making compliance less financially painful.
And not to mention that smaller companies are at greater risk for fraud and accounting manipulation. Look at the roster of companies on Sam Antar's website and you'll note that many of them have market caps of $1 billion or less. If these companies can't resist the temptation to get shifty with financial reporting in order to meet (or not) the short-term focus of Wall Street, it's difficult to reason that even smaller public companies won't succumb to it.